Hypoallergenic dog breeds: what are they

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While there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs, there are many breeds that do not cause allergies. The main cause of most pet allergies in humans is dander, which is carried on the fur. Essentially, hypoallergenic dog breeds are those that produce less dander and shed less hair.

An allergy to dogs is caused by a series of allergens that dogs produce. In general, allergic reaction is caused by proteins that are usually found in the saliva, the dander and the sebaceous glands of the skin. However, there are some great allergy-friendly dog breeds out there!

If your allergy is caused by the proteins in dander, there are certain hypoallergenic dog breeds that may suit you perfectly. These are the dogs that produce less dander and shed practically no hair. So, which dog breeds are unlikely to trigger an allergic reaction?

Dogs that don’t shed

If you are allergic to dogs, it is important that the dog does not shed too much hair. This is because allergens reach us by means of hair shedding. Therefore, dog breeds that don’t shed are the most suitable for people with allergies. However, the fact that they are hypoallergenic dogs does not mean that they do not provoke any allergic reaction. It only means that they produce a lower amount of allergens. Therefore, the allergy sufferer can tolerate these dog breeds much better.

But beware, each person is different and it is not scientifically proven that all hypoallergenic dog breeds are suitable for those who suffer from allergies. For this reason, it is possible that some dogs mentioned below can cause allergies in some people. If the allergen that causes the allergy is present in dog saliva, you should consult your doctor before adopting a dog.

1. American Hairless Terrier

The American Hairless Terrier is one of the most recommended hypoallergenic dogs because it does not have hair and does not produce dander. It is a rare breed, but it is a very active, intelligent and affectionate dog. He is usually around 40 cm tall and has an athletic body and elegant appearance. They are very intelligent and easy to train, playful and energetic.

2. Yorkshire Terrier

For people with allergies who live in flats, the Yorkshire Terrier is the ideal dog. It does not shed almost any hair, so the amount of allergens it can produce will be minimal. However, you will have to follow a hygiene routine and brush your Yorkshire Terrier daily to prevent its hair from getting tangled and dirty.

3. Bichon-type dogs (Bichon Frise, Maltese, Bolognese)

These dogs are one of the best breeds for allergy sufferers since, as with the Yorkshire, they hardly shed hair. Although it’s hard to believe considering the voluminous amount of fur they have. The Maltese, Bichon Frise and Bolognese dog breeds are considered hypoallergenic. However, you should brush them daily and pay close attention to their eyes and tear ducts.

4. Schnauzer

It is one of the most popular dogs due to its beauty, large number of varieties and easy training. But, in addition, the Schnauzer is one of the most recommended dogs for allergies due to the small hair amount it loses.

They are very active and playful and tend to get along well with children and adults. But they can easily feel sad and become negative if they don’t receive the necessary attention or spend long hours alone at home.

5. Water dogs

These dogs do not lose any hair either. Their tight, curly fur does not shed and therefore they do not spread allergens throughout the home. To prevent its hair from tangling, you should brush it often with a brush specifically for this type of coat.

6. Shih Tzu

Of Chinese origin, the Shih Tzu is one of the few dogs that do not cause allergic reaction in both allergic and asthmatic people. It does not shed hair and is a very affectionate, active and intelligent breed that loves the company of humans. But don’t forget the daily brushing and haircuts at the dog groomer.

7. Italian and English Greyhounds

Both have such short hair that it is not a problem for allergy sufferers. If you want a smaller dog, calm and easy to train, it is better to choose the Italian Greyhound. On the other hand, if you are a lover of large breeds, you would prefer the English Greyhound. Greyhounds stand out for their noble, loyal and faithful character.

8. Samoyed

Despite its voluminous and thick coat of hair, the Samoyed is also one of the best dog breeds for allergy sufferers. These breeds hardly produce dander. However, since they have two layers of fur, during seasonal shedding they tend to lose a lot of hair. This shedding prepares them for the change in temperature. Overall, it is a large, loving, playful and active breed.

9. Airedale Terrier

It is the largest of the Terriers and is also ideal for allergy sufferers because they do not shed any hair. This dog is very protective and adores children, it is intelligent, affectionate and easy to train. But it also requires weekly brushing and haircuts.

10. Basenji

This is yet another breed suitable for people who suffer from allergies to dogs thanks to their short hair. This is a perfect dog also for those who want to enjoy a pet, but do not want to vacuum every day.

In general, this is a very special dog due to its characteristics. Their character is a bit odd, very feline-like. They can be very affectionate with their family, but only on their own terms. The rest of the time, they can be a bit distant. The second remarkable characteristic of this breed is that they do not bark. Similarly to most hounds, Basenjis are very vocal. However, Basenjis don’t bark. Instead, they produce a unique sound that can be best described as a yodel.

11. Chinese crested

It is a very popular breed in its country of origin, but very little known in the rest of the world. There are different types of Chinese crested. The hairless variety which is perfect for those who have an allergy to animal hair. But also the powderpuff variety, with a thick double coat that consists of a straight silky outer coat and a short woolly undercoat.

The character of this breed is very playful and loyal. These dogs are happy to be surrounded by family, and they do not like being alone.

12. Wire Hair Fox Terrier

The Fox Terrier is yet another representative of the dog breeds that shed less hair. Therefore, this dog might be suitable for people who suffer from dog allergy.

It is also a very strong, and active dog who is always ready to have fun. If you won’t keep him active, he will find his own way to get rid of that extra energy (ways you may not like). So, it is advisable this dog gets a lot of exercise before staying alone at home.

Other hypoallergenic dog breeds

The dog breeds indicated above are by far the most popular hypoallergenic dogs. In this section we offer a list of additional hypoallergenic dog breeds you might want to learn about:

  • Bedlington terrier
  • Bearded collie
  • Cairn Terrier
  • Coton de Tulear
  • Dandie Dinmont Terrier
  • Kerry Blue Terrier
  • Peruvian hairless dog (Peruvian Inca Orchid)
  • Puli dog
  • Sealyham terrier
  • Irish Water Spaniel
  • Welsh terrier
  • Scottish terrier
  • West Highland White Terrier

Now, you just have to choose the one you like the most. Finally, you could enjoy the company of a hypoallergenic dog without the discomfort of allergic reactions.

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