Black holes exist in the real world but are also a theoretical nightmare. To understand their paradoxical nature, imagine each black hole as a swarm of imaginary black holes connected by wormholes. And you thought the universe couldn’t possibly get any stranger.
The concept of wormholes is common in science fiction. However, in the real universe, scientists have never been able to maintain a stable wormhole.
The existence of wormholes in our world is unproven. But they can be useful tools for astrophysicists to think about space and time. They may also help explain what the universe looks like.
Despite Einstein’s theory of general relativity, wormholes haven’t been found yet. Quantum complexity could solve the wormhole growth paradox.
Stephen Hawking solved the information paradox
but a minority view says that information is irretrievably lost when black holes form and evaporate. In the quantum world, information cannot be created or destroyed because of the conservation of quantum information. Nonetheless, even the most vigorous exercise routine doesn’t make humans thin enough for the trip, which is a major disadvantage.
The black hole information paradox occurs when quantum mechanics and general relativity interact. In the information paradox, a black hole is physically created and then annihilated by Hawking radiation. In classical and quantum physics, the value of a system at any point in time should depend on the state of the system at that point in time.
Is it possible for wormholes to exist?
The concept of wormholes was first proposed in 1916, though that term hadn’t existed then. Then, in 1935, Einstein and Nathan Rosen proposed the existence of space-time bridges called Einstein-Rosen bridges, or wormholes.
Scientists consider wormholes impossible because they would be too unstable to exist. However, every object in the universe, including the Earth, is subject to the constant pull of gravity. Therefore, wormholes would also be affected by gravity.
Will humans ever create a wormhole?
A team of physicists has found a way to make a wormhole by connecting different parts of the universe by a bridge or tunnel, usually called a throat. Unfortunately, wormholes are unstable and rip apart faster than the speed of light, making them useless as shortcuts through the universe.
The only way to stabilize a wormhole is to use exotic matter that violates the energy conditions of general relativity. Negative mass would work, or anything else that violates the energy conditions on average.
It is possible that the Randall-Sundrum theory, based on branes and extra dimensions, explains wormholes. However, a quantum theory of gravity may eliminate the possibility.
It reminds me of the double-slit experiment. Since nothing outside the black hole’s event horizon can be observed by anything outside of it, all versions of the black hole’s collapse exist simultaneously.
The idea of a breakthrough in the stalemate between quantum theory and relativity that does not suggest there are a trillion dimensions is something I have been waiting for my whole life. This does seem promising. I hope to hear more about it in the near future.
I really love this video. It seems like the convergence of many different ideas that have all been stalled for years. Together, however, they are greater than the sum of their parts and point us toward the next theoretical breakthrough.