Tag Archives: Dogs

Why Do Dogs Tilt Their Heads to the Side?

A new study examined why dogs tilt their heads aside, and showed that this action is related to hearing words that have meaning for the dogs, and is probably related to concentration and attention.


This description will be familiar to many dog ​​owners: you turn to your dog, maybe ask him to do something – sit, give a hand – or maybe just tell him he is a good and beautiful dog, and he looks back at you, and tilts his head aside. This little movement is incredibly cute and mysterious. Until recently, there have been almost no studies examining why dogs feel the need to look at us on like that.

Video: Why do dogs tilt their heads?

In a new study, researchers from Hungary took on this task, and although they have not yet been able to reach a full explanation of the phenomenon, they did find clues that would lead to it. Their findings show that tilting the head is mainly done when the dog understands what is being asked of him, and is probably related to an increase in concentration and paying attention to the speaker.

Relevant and meaningful words

The researchers found the topic almost by accident when they were studying something very different: the ability of dogs to recognize words and, in particular, the names of their toys. The researchers found that a small portion of dogs, whom they called “gifted word learners,” were able to learn dozens of toy names.

In one of their studies, they tried to teach the names of new toys to six of these gifted dogs and 34 other dogs. All of the dogs previously known to be word learners learned them easily, but only one of the other dogs was able to do so. All of the others were able to learn one name at most.

During the study, the dogs’ owners asked them to go to another room and bring a certain toy from there. The researchers, who watched videos documenting this, noticed that the dogs who had successfully learned names often responded to the request by tilting their heads – a test showed that they did so 43% of the time. In contrast, the dogs that failed to learn tilted their heads only two percent of the time.

The researchers point out that all the dogs heard the name of the toy many times, so the difference was not dependent on familiarity with the word. However, the dogs were more likely to tilt their heads if they knew the name and its meaning.

“There seems to be a correlation between success in returning the correct toy and the frequency of head tilt when hearing the name,” concluded Shani Dror, one of the researchers.

“Therefore, we hypothesize that there is a link between head tilt and processing of relevant and meaningful stimuli.”


Video: 9 Weird Dog Behaviors Explained

Left dog, right dog

Another finding that emerged from the study is that each dog has a preferred direction to which he tilts his head, left or right, regardless of the location of the person talking to him. The researchers believe that this preference may be related to the division of roles between the two sides of the brain, as is also the case in humans. Previous studies have shown that dogs do process human speech mainly on one side of the brain, and the side varies from dog to dog. However, the present study could not substantiate this hypothesis because the researchers did not test the brain activity of the dogs.

So quite a bit of mystery still surrounds the cute and weird behavior of our best friends. 

“The next step is to ask more questions to understand what head tilt means,”Monique Udell, an animal researcher who did not participate in the study, told the journal Science

“Can the tilt of the head predict the ability to learn words? Or perhaps attention, or memory?” 

The answers to these questions will have to wait for further research.

Footnotes – What does it mean when a dog looks at you sideways:

Fugazza, C., Dror, S., Sommese, A. et al. Word learning dogs (Canis familiaris) provide an animal model for studying exceptional performance. Sci Rep 11, 14070 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-93581-2.

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Facts That Kids Should Know About Dogs

Dogs give the child confidence, sense of responsibility and unconditional love. However, it is important to know some rules in dog language to avoid various unpleasantness. Here you will find some important tips that children should know about dogs.

Video: Facts About Dogs.

Facs about Dogs for kids

  • A tail flick does not necessarily mean that the dog is friendly. When the dog wags his tail, it doesn’t always mean he is friendly and happy. A tail flick is a means of communication in dogs, and can indicate friendliness, but in different dogs, especially if the tail movement is fast and vertical, this condition can indicate aggression.
  • Always ask the owner’s permission if you see a dog on the street and want to pet it. Only if the owners say it’s okay, then you can approach and pet.
  • Know how to approach the dog. Before petting a dog, make sure it sees you. don’t get too close, let him come and smell you if he wants to.
  • Not all dogs like to have their heads petted. Some dogs will interpret this as a dominant and threatening action.
  • If a dog approaches you, avoid looking him straight in the eye and allow him to sniff your hand. Don’t make any sudden, quick movements. By avoiding looking him straight in the eye, you convey to him that you are not a threat.
  • Know what to do if an aggressive dog approaches. Do not make eye contact, remain calm and collected, and put your arms at your sides. Never run away.
  • Know what to do if a dog attacks. If a situation arises where you are attacked by a dog, give it something to chew on (such as your coat, purse, or bicycle). Back away slowly until there is a buffer between you. (Wood or bench, etc.).
  • Keep away from aggressive dogs. Do not enter private yards or walk past a leashed dog until you are sure it is friendly.
  • Do not disturb a dog when eating or sleeping. He may protect his food by acting aggressively. An older dog that is approached may wake up in a panic and behave aggressively.
  • Dogs love to feel loved. If you love them, they will love you back.
  • Dogs need good, dedicated care just like you do. They need quality food, lots of fresh water, lots of hiking and exercise every day.
  • Dogs love routine. They like to go for walks and exercise at specific times every day.
  • Dogs keep secrets.
  • Dogs do not always know what is best for them. They may want to eat or chew on various objects that can be dangerous, and they need to be protected from those objects. For example, dogs do not know if something is poisonous to them.
  • Dogs can get sick just like humans. Common symptoms in a dog who is not feeling well may include loss of appetite, lack of energy and desire to play, and excessive fatigue. Other signs may include vomiting and diarrhea. If you think your dog is sick, refer him to an adult so they can assess his condition and take him to the vet if necessary.
  • Most dogs are friendly and love you no matter what. But it’s important to be smart and careful in an environment with dogs you don’t know and who don’t know you.

Does the Dog Eat Grass? Let’s Help Solve This Mystery

Every caregiver knows the favorite taste of his four-legged friend: some like chicken-flavored food, others prefer meat-flavored food, and there are even those who like lamb-flavored food. In fact, puppies usually love any kind of meat. So it may seem strange that your dog eats grass.

So much so that this behavior is a cause for concern for most owners. But is it an alarm signal if your dog eats grass? we explain once and for all why your dog eats dry leaves, flowers and foliage!



Video: Why do dogs eat grass? A look at your pup’s wild relatives may give you a sense of what dogs’ diets are really like.

Puppy eats grass: what can it be?

Observing a dog eating grass can baffle many pet owners. Why is the dog eating grass? Is the animal hungry? Sick? Is it a sign of worms? Or is it simply bored?

In fact, there is no single answer to this question. Studies show that the habit of eating grass is very common in dogs.

Wolves and wild dogs also often do this. Among the most common reasons why dogs eat grass, researchers say is:

  • Improves digestion;
  • Intake of dietary fiber,
  • Appreciation of the taste of plant species.

But eating grass can also be a symptom of certain diseases. So if your pet suddenly starts doing this, even if he has always had access to the garden, or if he shows other symptoms, it is good to keep your eyes open!

Warning signs: When should you worry?

Noticing that the fact that the dog eats grass by itself is not alarming. However, if you notice other symptoms, it is a sign that your friend may be ill. Therefore, be careful if the habit of eating grass is accompanied by one:

  • Vomiting;
  • Apathy;
  • Loss of appetite;
  • Dysbiosis,
  • Diarrhea.

The main focus is on the frequency with which the animal eats grass. If you notice that the dog eats grass constantly, it may be a health problem.

But be careful: just as the reasons can vary, the symptoms can also have other causes, such as the dog vomiting.

Health problems that cause puppies to eat grass

Although eating grass in dogs rarely means disease, certain health conditions can lead to this habit in the animal. It can be related to various gastrointestinal changes.

Among the most common problems that trigger the desire to eat grass:

  • Poor nutrition;
  • Dehydration;
  • Verminosis;
  • Foreign body;
  • Colic,
  • Abdominal discomfort.

So, if you notice that your friend not only eats grass very often, but also has other symptoms, you should consult a veterinarian. He will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the best treatment depending on the cause of the problem.

How to get your dog to stop eating grass

If you want to help your little friend stop eating grass – or simply prevent him from ruining your yard – there are some simple and effective steps you can take:

  • Regular vaccinations and deworming are important to ensure that the puppy is spared from parasites and worms;
  • A balanced diet provides all the necessary components for proper nutrition and prevents the puppy from searching for fiber in the grass. Always choose quality food and preferably premium or super premium food;
  • Puppies have a lot of energy and need regular exercise. Lack of play can bore a puppy and lead to certain behaviors like grass eating,
  • Regular visits to the veterinarian allow close monitoring of the animal’s health so that any changes can be detected early.

References:

Characterisation of plant eating in dogs. / Sueda, Karen Lynn Chieko; Hart, Benjamin; Cliff, Kelly Davis.In: Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Vol. 111, No. 1-2, 01.05.2008, p. 120-132. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review.

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Labrador and Golden Retriever Dogs

Despite distinct characteristics, such as size and coat color, it’s the similarities between the two breeds that make these dogs unique. Both dogs have an extremely docile behavior, much desired by those looking for a large dog as a pet. Because they are very intelligent and have great skills, they serve as rescue dogs and assistance dogs for people with special needs.

It is worth mentioning that both breeds have “retriever” in their name. The term comes from the English term retrieve, which means get or recover something. In this sense, it is easy to deduce that they are dogs designed to retrieve something or someone. Especially, if taking into account the historical context in which these breeds were created.

Labrador VS Golden Retriever video.

Labrador Retriever Characteristics

The Labrador retriever is believed to have appeared in Canada in the 16th century. The region in which the dog appeared for the first time as a breed is called Labrador, so it got its name.

But although they appeared in this region, it does not reflect their ancestry. Labradors are probably a crossbreed between dogs originating in Portugal and the British Isles.

Considered a large dog, a male Labrador can weigh between 27 and 40 kilos. Their height ranges between 54 and 59 centimeters. The females are smaller, but still reach almost the same size as male dogs.

Perhaps the biggest difference between a Labrador and a Golden Retriever is the coat. Labradors have short, thick and shiny hair. The coat can be of three colors: black, chocolate brown or yellow. The latter is susceptible to several variations, almost approaching white or red in certain individuals of the Labrador family.

Very sociable, this dog has a very balanced temperament. This makes it a great pet, as it creates strong bonds of friendship with family members. Labradors are not considered good protection dogs because they are not aggressive. This is the reason why Labradors make great service and assistance dogs.

These dogs are always ready to help, either to guide the visually impaired or to rescue someone in trouble. This breed is considered one of the most intelligent in the world. Labradors are friendly to anyone, even if they are strangers.

Golden Retriever Characteristics

Bred to be a hunting dog, the golden retriever appeared in Scotland around 1850. At the time, it was common for men to go hunting for birds.

For this purpose, by crossing several breeds of spaniel dog they created a dog breed with specific skills. This gave rise to the main difference between the golden retriever and the Labrador: the coat.

In various shades of gold, the hair of a golden retriever is fine and silky. However, the dog has two coats (types of hair) to protect it from seasonal temperature changes.

The hair on the surface is long while their undercoat is short. This serves to protect the dog from the cold during winter and provide thermal insulation on hot summer days.

Golden retrievers are taller than Labradors, but their coat creates an optical illusion that makes them look smaller.

It is worth mentioning that the Labrador is more robust than a golden retriever, which has a slimmer body. The male golden retriever is between 51 and 61 centimeters tall and weighs between 27 and 37 kilograms. Females are slightly smaller and lighter.

Extremely intelligent, considered even more intelligent than a Labrador, the Golden Retriever is a very sociable and kind dog. For this reason, they are considered excellent companion dogs and pets. Like the Labrador, it forges strong bonds with its owners and is able to learn many skills.

Labrador Vs Retriever

CharacteristicLabrador RetrieverGolden Retriever
HeightBetween 54 and 59 centimeters.Females are slightly smaller.Between 51 and 61 centimeters.Females are slightly smaller.
WeightBetween 27 and 40 kilos.Females weigh a little less.Between 27 and 37 kilos.Females weigh a little less.
Body structureRobust and agile body.Slim and agile body.
Main differenceShort and shiny hair. Color varies between black, chocolate brown and yellow (with variations that approach white or red).Long, fine and silky hair in varying shades of gold.

In summary, it can be said that both dogs have clear morphological differences: coat, size, weight and body structure.

However, it is the similarities that most captivate those who want one of these dogs as a pet. Both Labs and Retrievers are intelligent, docile, sociable, affectionate and very intelligent.

Both are great working dogs. They are easily trained, and possess great rescue and assistance skills. They also have an excellent sense of smell which is very useful in detecting explosives and drugs.

Being very cheerful and affectionate breeds, these dogs are very good companions for people with special needs.


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Can Dogs Detect the Coronavirus?

Dogs are well known for their sense of smell. They possess up to 300 million olfactory receptors in their noses, compared to about six million in humans. And the part of a dog’s brain that is devoted to analyzing smells is, proportionally, 40 times greater than ours. Canine sense of smell allows them to follow trails, locate lost people or detect the presence of different substances. In addition, they are even capable of identifying different diseases that affect human beings.

Given the current pandemic, could dogs help us diagnose COVID-19? Here is what current research has revealed about the ability of dogs to smell the coronavirus.

The Canine Sense of Smell

The most important characteristic of a canine is its sense of smell. The olfactory sensitivity of dogs is much higher than that of humans, as has been shown in different studies. For example, a study published in 2011 showed that specially trained German Shepherd dogs are able to distinguish individual scents of identical twins despite the fact that they live in the same environment and eat the same food.

Due to this amazing ability they help us in many tasks such as truffle search, hunting, drug and explosives detection, search and rescue missions. Although it is a less known practice, dogs specifically trained for it, can detect certain diseases.

Although there are breeds especially equipped for this, such as bloodhounds, all dogs share this trait. This is possible because their long nose contains a labyrinth of thin bones, called turbinates, which are all lined by an epithelium. This provides a very large surface area for the air breathed to pass over. Furthermore, the olfactory center of the dog’s brain is highly developed.

Much of its brain is dedicated to processing smells. It is better than any sensor that humans have created. Therefore, it is not surprising that in this time of a pandemic, studies have been initiated to determine if dogs can detect the coronavirus.

How Do Dogs Detect Coronavirus

The canine sense of smell is so good that it allows them to detect diseases in people. Of course, it requires prior training, in addition to current advances in medicine. The olfactory ability of dogs has proven its effectiveness in the detection of diseases such as prostate, bowel, ovarian, colon, lung and breast cancers. As well as diabetes, malaria, Parkinson’s disease and epilepsy.

Dogs can smell the specific volatile organic compounds (VOC) produced by an organism in certain diseases. In other words, each pathology has its own characteristic biological imprint that the dog is capable of smelling. In addition, it can be done already in the initial stages of the disease, even before medical tests can identify that something is wrong.

When it comes to detecting biological targets, dogs are close to 100% efficiency. In the case of diabetes, dogs are able to detect rapid rises and falls of blood sugar levels up to 20 minutes before they actually occur. Diabetes assist dogs are trained to alert the person, usually by touching them in a significant way such as pawing or nudging them. Hw

How Medical Detection Dogs Are Trained?

Early detection is critical to improving the prognosis of diseases such as cancer. In the same way, anticipating blood sugar fluctuations in the case of diabetics, or detecting the onset of epileptic seizures is a very important benefit. Such detection dogs contribute to a significant improvement in the quality of life of those affected by these diseases. In addition, it helps scientists to identify biomarkers with which to later develop tests to facilitate early diagnosis.

Basically, dogs are taught to look for the characteristic chemical component of the disease. To do this, they are offered samples of feces, urine, blood, saliva or tissues, so that they learn to recognize the smells that they will later have to discern from smells associated with a specific disease. If they recognize a characteristic scent, they sit or stand in front of the sample to inform that they are detecting the specific odor. When they work with people, they usually warn them by touching them with their paw.

Training in this discipline lasts several months and, of course, is done by professionals. In view of all this scientific evidence, it is not surprising that in the current situation scientists have wondered if dogs detect the coronavirus.

Can Dogs Detect Coronavirus?

After years of experience in detecting diseases, it is not risky to entertain the idea that dogs can detect the coronavirus. In fact, researchers at the University of Helsinki have just completed preliminary tests in which they have verified this canine ability. Their results further indicate that specifically trained dogs are able to detect the disease faster and with more sensitivity than the tests that are currently being used.

DogRisk-Group Covid-19 Positive Tests Results

Dogs trained by the DogRisk research group have managed to identify the coronavirus in urine samples. At this moment they are in the phase of collecting more samples to train more dogs and determine what exactly they identify and how long that smell remains after the infection has cleared. To confirm sensitivity the researchers are including urine samples without coronavirus, but with other respiratory diseases.

Six Super Sniffers

In addition, also in the UK there is a canine team training for the detection of COVID-19. It is made up of six dogs of which three are  working Cocker spaniels, one Labrador retriever, a Labrador retriever, golden retriever cross-breed, and a labradoodle. They are between 20 months and 5 years old. The goal of these trials is to train dogs to detect the smell of the virus in less than a second and to be able to do so with both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. 

To do this, they are collecting breath and sweat samples from affected people. This project is being carried out by the Medical Detection Dogs organization together with the University of Durham. They hope to finish the training in 6-8 weeks to start working directly with people. To minimize risk of infection, the dogs do not come in contact with the person it sniffs, but rather smell the air around them.

In addition to these teams, dogs are also being trained in the United States. A pilot training program utilizing scent detection dogs to discriminate between samples from COVID-19 positive and negative patients was initiated at the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Veterinary Medicine (Penn Vet).

The study will begin with eight dogs to perform detection work. Over the course of three weeks through a process called odor imprinting, the dogs will be exposed to COVID-19 positive saliva and urine samples in a laboratory setting. Once the dogs learn the odor, the investigators will document that the dogs can discriminate between COVID-19 positive and COVID-19 negative samples in a laboratory setting. These steps are necessary to establish the platform for testing whether dogs can identify COVID-19 infected people.


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Daniel Vol
Daniel Vol

A dog is man’s best friend. The saying is especially true in the face of the corona virus. Dogs that are specially trained to identify a person infected with the corona virus.

The Reasons Why Your Dog Likes to Sleep Next to You

Does your dog always look for a cozy position next to you in bed? It prefers to sleep in the same room? Does it sleep next to your feet or head? In any case, the reasons for this behavior are related to the type of the relationship you have established with your dog. A dog will always sleep with the person he appreciates most, and if you are one of them you must feel very lucky!

Why Does My Dog ​​want to Sleep Next Me?

There are many reasons that explain why your dog sleeps next to you, in the same room or on your pillow. However, all of them can be traced back to dog attachment toward human caretakers. Yes, this relationship that we consider exclusive to humans also occurs with animals. Especially with those pets that have undergone a domestication process such as dogs and cats.

A study carried out in 1998, replicated Ainsworth’s Strange Situation Test on dogs. The test was initially devised in the 1970s to observe attachment in children within the context of caregiver relationships. Fifty-one owner-dog pairs were observed in the 1998 study. The results showed that the majority of dogs exhibited behaviors typical of attachment that a child shows toward its parents.

Now we know that your dog sleeps next to you mainly because he feels attached to you. Next we are going to describe in more detail what motivates this kind of behavior.

1. Dogs Are Social Animals

The first thing you must know to better understand why your dog sleeps next to you is that it is a social animal. Dogs are direct descendants of the gray wolves, social animals who live in packs. Oftentimes, wolves sleep right out in the open in a circle or a group. The dog is not a solitary animal either. In fact, loneliness can have detrimental effects on its health. Therefore, this curious co-sleeping behavior is actually very natural to dogs.

If you live with more than one dog and the relationship between them is good, you have surely observed that they never sleep alone. Most either sleep with their human companions or sleep together in the same bed or in the same room.

Two terrier breed dogs cuddle next to each other
Two terrier breed dogs cuddle next to each other

2. Your Dog Wants to Protect You

Since the dog is a social animal who thrives when living in a group, it has a predisposition to watch over its pack members. The dog cares for his human companions and communicates with them through its own language. In this way, regardless of other reasons, co-sleeping fulfills an important function, to protect each other.

Sleep is one of the moments in which we are most exposed and therefore, we are most vulnerable. For this reason, many dogs prefer to sleep near or next to their caregivers in order to protect them if something goes wrong. It is a natural behavior of the canines. If for whatever reason don’t want your dog sleeping in your bed, place its bed next to yours.

A white Labrador sleeping next to the feet of his caregivers
A white Labrador sleeping next to the feet of his caregivers

3. Your Dog Feels Secure Next to You

If your dog chooses to sleep next to you, it always means that you project security and confidence. It feels comfortable next to you and regards you as a figure of reference which he can trust and follow. Therefore, it is not surprising that in addition to sharing the moments of sleep with you, your dog also follows you everywhere.

4. Dogs Get Cold

Dogs love to be warm. Due to this reason many prefer to sleep next to their human companions or get under the blanket to the warmest place in bed. To keep themselves warm at night, dogs take advantage of your body temperature by cuddling with you. Dogs engage in a similar behavior during the day as well. They usually enjoy laying in the areas of the house that get most of the sunlight. They also enjoy sunbathing in direct sunlight in the yard.

A Terrier breed dog sleeping on a child's hand
A Terrier breed dog sleeping on a child’s hand

5. Your Dog Doesn’t Like Its Bed

Have you recently checked whether your dog’s bed is comfortable? If it is not, it is normal for the dog to seek a more comfortable place to sleep in. For example, your bed, a sofa or a pillow. In such cases, it is best to acquire a more comfortable bed. Then you should place it next to yours and leave a blanket to ensure that the dog will be able to keep itself warm.

6. Your Dog Is Showing Affection

In short, if your dog sleeps next to you, it means that he adores you. Your loyal companion just loves to feel your warmth, it feels safe near you, and wants to protect you. Co-sleeping is one of the greatest demonstrations of your dog’s love and affection. It also helps strengthen the bond between the two of you. Even if the dog’s bed is uncomfortable, if it does not care for its caregivers, it will never sleep next to them.

While the reasons behind this dog behavior are absolutely wonderful, could it be bad for us to sleep next to our dogs? We will explain it below.

6 reasons why your dog sleeps with you - 6. He is showing you his love
6 reasons why your dog sleeps with you – 6. He is showing you his love

Is It Bad to Sleep With My Dog?

Co-sleeping is a habit that can be positive for both of you as long as some general considerations are taken into account. For example, it is very important to maintain proper hygiene of the pet, especially after walks. If we don’t, all the dirt on their feet will get into our bed and onto us. We must take the same care with their hair. We need to brush it daily to control shedding to keep our sheets hair-free.

Also, we must not neglect preventive measures, since there are parasites that dogs can transmit to humans, such as fleas and ticks. In this way, we will have to treat the animal following a veterinarian’s instructions to avoid the presence of these parasites.

Apart from hygiene, we must consider whether co-sleeping really provides adequate rest for the dog and ourselves. Depending on the dimensions of the bed and our position in it, it may not be the most recommended practice. If this is the case, you can always place the dog’s bed next to yours. That way you dog will sleep in the same room with you, feeling safe and protected.

However, if the dog suffers from separation anxiety, sleeping next to your dog is not good because it reinforces negative behavior. In these cases, it is necessary to go to a canine anxiety expert or ethologist to treat the underlying problem. Simply preventing co-sleeping is not the only solution.

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The 15 most playful and fun medium dog breeds

Anyone who has had a dog at home knows that these adorable animals become members of the family almost instantly. Their unconditional love and their foolproof company make dogs, as the popular phrase goes, man’s best friends. From small Chihuahuas to imposing San Bernardos, there are breeds of dogs that will match perfectly with the lifestyle of each person or family. Medium sized dogs include all dogs that are between 22 and 68 centimeters tall, and weigh between 9 and 35 kilograms. Join us to discover the most playful and fun medium dogs. You will surely fall in love!

The 15 best medium sized dogs for your family

1. Beagle

We begin this review of the most adorable medium sized dogs, with the charming Beagle. It is without doubt one of the most beloved medium breeds. They are energetic, friendly, intelligent and very affectionate dogs, perfect for integrating into the lifestyle of active families with young children. Their average weight is between 10 and 15 kilograms, and their height ranges between 33 and 41 centimeters. Although they tend to be a bit loud, their funny character and natural cunning will make you adore your Beagle.

2. English Cocker Spaniel

If you have an adventurous and fearless character, this breed of dog will be perfect for you. English Cocker Spaniels are not only beautiful dogs, with glossy coats and lovely long floppy ears. They are also competitive, energetic, and optimistic by nature. Trained, these dogs can coexist harmoniously at home, interacting well with children. It is a very intelligent animal. Their weight is usually between 12 and 15 kilograms, and their height is between 36 and 24 centimeters.

3. Border Collie

If you are looking for one of the most lovable medium dog breeds, that is without a question the Border Collie. This charming dog stands out for its remarkable intelligence, its unwavering loyalty and its constant need for pampering and affection. It is a dog that creates strong bonds, and needs to be active for his well-being and always feel loved. It also stands out for its protective and alert nature. Border Collies typically weigh between 12 and 20 kilograms, and are about 46 and 23 centimeters tall.

4. Basset Hound

A discreet and noble hound, it is the Basset hound. This cute dog looks quite quirky. Its legs are short, so its body is very close to the ground. Its large head and eyes, and long, hanging ears are its most distinctive feature. As for his character, he is usually stubborn but very friendly. Basset hounds are between 20 and 29 kilograms in weight, and 28 to 38 centimeters in height. His keen sense of smell is one of his most remarkable qualities.

5. Standard Poodle

The poodle is one of the most popular dog breeds. In its standard version, this dog is between 20 and 30 kilograms in weight and can exceed 38 centimeters in height. It is a charming animal, who loves humans and shows their affection with joy. It is sociable, affectionate and empathizes with the emotions of its owner. Its curly coat, in addition to being beautiful, is hypoallergenic.

6. Bull Terriers

We follow this list of the best medium sized dogs, with the Bull Terriers. This breed, with its compact and muscular body, gives the impression of being tough dogs. The reality is that it is a loving, innocent and playful animal. It is a protective, sweet and easy to train dog that requires a lot of activity to expend its abundant energy. They usually weigh between 22 and 31 kilograms, and measure between 53 and 56 centimeters in height.

7. Standard Schnauzer

One of the most popular medium dog breeds is the Standard Schnauzer. This dog stands out for combining a kind and gentle character, with a strong and reckless personality. Schnauzers are always alert. They are reliable, devoted and kind dogs. Its size ranges between 43 and 58 centimeters in height, and its weight between 14 and 20 kilograms.

8. Bulldog

One of the best known medium dog breeds is the friendly Bulldog. This dog has a muscular and robust body. Its short coat makes it easy to keep groomed. When he is a puppy, he tends to have high energy levels, which decrease with age. It is a calm and loving companion dog, but depending on how it is raised, it can become aggressive. Their size ranges from 31 to 40 centimeters in height, and they weigh between 22 and 25 kilograms.

9. Kerry Blue Terrier

Although larger than other terrier breeds, the Kerry Blue Terrier nonetheless falls into the medium sized dogs category. Its thick and curly grayish-blue coat, is one of its most notable characteristics. It is a gentle, loyal and willful dog that adapts easily to family life. They usually measure between 46 and 51 centimeters, and weigh 15 to 18 kilograms. As a disadvantage of the breed, it could be pointed out that Kerry Blue Terriers can be not very tolerant of other pets.

10. Whippet

We close this list of medium sized dogs, with the elegant Whippet. Similar to the Greyhound, but smaller, this dog stands out for its incredible speed. His body is athletic and slim, and his character is cheerful, friendly, playful and loving. They adapt well to family life and although so fast, they can live comfortably indoors, with a little walking or exercise a day. Their size ranges from 44 to 56 centimeters, and their weight ranges from 11 to 21 kilograms.

11. German Shorthaired Pointer

This medium-length short-haired dog is both an excellent hunter and a wonderful family companion, but he needs plenty of exercise. After all, he’s built for it. This breed is characterized with a lean, athletic body and webbed feet that make him one of the best swimmers in the canine world. Although they have endless energy, they are also very loving and create a strong bond with their family. Their size ranges between 53 and 64 centimeters, and their weight ranges from 20 to 32 kilograms.

12. Chow Chow

Although not the most affectionate breed, the chow chow is undoubtedly majestic. Its rich history begins in ancient China as a hunting dog. Today this breed is an excellent companion and guard dog for people around the world. Smart and dignified, it’s impossible not to admire their luxurious coat and cleanliness (no dog smell!). They usually measure between 43 and 51 centimeters and weight between 20 and 32 kilograms.

13. Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever, one of the most popular medium dog breeds, is always a good bet when looking for a family dog. This easy-going, laid-back dog was originally raised in Newfoundland as a fisherman’s helper. However, now this breed does everything from working as a service animal and rescue dog to retrieving game for hunters. They also enjoy playing with the kids at home. You will not find a sweeter and more loving dog. Their size ranges from 55 to 62 centimeters, and they weigh between 25 – 35 kilograms.

14. Airedale Terrier

Another great representative of the medium-sized terrier breed which is known for their great loyalty, is the Airedale Terrier. These dogs are great with children – not only do they love to play with them, they are more than willing to protect them. They were even used as police dogs before German Shepherds became the breed of choice for law enforcement. These dogs are also the largest of all terrier breeds, their height measures between 56 and 61 centimeters. They weigh between 18 and 29 kilograms. In addition, they have a charming beard and mustache that makes them look wise and mischievous at the same time.

15. American staffordshire terrier

Dogs of this breed, also known by the name of AmStaff, can be muscular and quite intimidating. Nevertheless, they are very affectionate with their family and friends. Sadly, they were bred as fighting dogs in the past. However, since then they have become wonderful companion dogs who just want to spend time with the people they love. However, it is important to treat dogs of this breed with confidence and firmness, as they are strong and intelligent. They need a lot of mental stimulation, socialization and love. Their size ranges between 43 and 48 centimeters, and they usually weigh between 28 and 40 kilograms.

Whichever breed of dog you liked the most, rest assured that you will add a new member to your home. A new friend that will provide you with the most beautiful moments of play and company.


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Hypoallergenic dog breeds: what are they

While there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs, there are many breeds that do not cause allergies. The main cause of most pet allergies in humans is dander, which is carried on the fur. Essentially, hypoallergenic dog breeds are those that produce less dander and shed less hair.

An allergy to dogs is caused by a series of allergens that dogs produce. In general, allergic reaction is caused by proteins that are usually found in the saliva, the dander and the sebaceous glands of the skin. However, there are some great allergy-friendly dog breeds out there!

If your allergy is caused by the proteins in dander, there are certain hypoallergenic dog breeds that may suit you perfectly. These are the dogs that produce less dander and shed practically no hair. So, which dog breeds are unlikely to trigger an allergic reaction?

Dogs that don’t shed

If you are allergic to dogs, it is important that the dog does not shed too much hair. This is because allergens reach us by means of hair shedding. Therefore, dog breeds that don’t shed are the most suitable for people with allergies. However, the fact that they are hypoallergenic dogs does not mean that they do not provoke any allergic reaction. It only means that they produce a lower amount of allergens. Therefore, the allergy sufferer can tolerate these dog breeds much better.

But beware, each person is different and it is not scientifically proven that all hypoallergenic dog breeds are suitable for those who suffer from allergies. For this reason, it is possible that some dogs mentioned below can cause allergies in some people. If the allergen that causes the allergy is present in dog saliva, you should consult your doctor before adopting a dog.

1. American Hairless Terrier

The American Hairless Terrier is one of the most recommended hypoallergenic dogs because it does not have hair and does not produce dander. It is a rare breed, but it is a very active, intelligent and affectionate dog. He is usually around 40 cm tall and has an athletic body and elegant appearance. They are very intelligent and easy to train, playful and energetic.

2. Yorkshire Terrier

For people with allergies who live in flats, the Yorkshire Terrier is the ideal dog. It does not shed almost any hair, so the amount of allergens it can produce will be minimal. However, you will have to follow a hygiene routine and brush your Yorkshire Terrier daily to prevent its hair from getting tangled and dirty.

3. Bichon-type dogs (Bichon Frise, Maltese, Bolognese)

These dogs are one of the best breeds for allergy sufferers since, as with the Yorkshire, they hardly shed hair. Although it’s hard to believe considering the voluminous amount of fur they have. The Maltese, Bichon Frise and Bolognese dog breeds are considered hypoallergenic. However, you should brush them daily and pay close attention to their eyes and tear ducts.

4. Schnauzer

It is one of the most popular dogs due to its beauty, large number of varieties and easy training. But, in addition, the Schnauzer is one of the most recommended dogs for allergies due to the small hair amount it loses.

They are very active and playful and tend to get along well with children and adults. But they can easily feel sad and become negative if they don’t receive the necessary attention or spend long hours alone at home.

5. Water dogs

These dogs do not lose any hair either. Their tight, curly fur does not shed and therefore they do not spread allergens throughout the home. To prevent its hair from tangling, you should brush it often with a brush specifically for this type of coat.

6. Shih Tzu

Of Chinese origin, the Shih Tzu is one of the few dogs that do not cause allergic reaction in both allergic and asthmatic people. It does not shed hair and is a very affectionate, active and intelligent breed that loves the company of humans. But don’t forget the daily brushing and haircuts at the dog groomer.

7. Italian and English Greyhounds

Both have such short hair that it is not a problem for allergy sufferers. If you want a smaller dog, calm and easy to train, it is better to choose the Italian Greyhound. On the other hand, if you are a lover of large breeds, you would prefer the English Greyhound. Greyhounds stand out for their noble, loyal and faithful character.

8. Samoyed

Despite its voluminous and thick coat of hair, the Samoyed is also one of the best dog breeds for allergy sufferers. These breeds hardly produce dander. However, since they have two layers of fur, during seasonal shedding they tend to lose a lot of hair. This shedding prepares them for the change in temperature. Overall, it is a large, loving, playful and active breed.

9. Airedale Terrier

It is the largest of the Terriers and is also ideal for allergy sufferers because they do not shed any hair. This dog is very protective and adores children, it is intelligent, affectionate and easy to train. But it also requires weekly brushing and haircuts.

10. Basenji

This is yet another breed suitable for people who suffer from allergies to dogs thanks to their short hair. This is a perfect dog also for those who want to enjoy a pet, but do not want to vacuum every day.

In general, this is a very special dog due to its characteristics. Their character is a bit odd, very feline-like. They can be very affectionate with their family, but only on their own terms. The rest of the time, they can be a bit distant. The second remarkable characteristic of this breed is that they do not bark. Similarly to most hounds, Basenjis are very vocal. However, Basenjis don’t bark. Instead, they produce a unique sound that can be best described as a yodel.

11. Chinese crested

It is a very popular breed in its country of origin, but very little known in the rest of the world. There are different types of Chinese crested. The hairless variety which is perfect for those who have an allergy to animal hair. But also the powderpuff variety, with a thick double coat that consists of a straight silky outer coat and a short woolly undercoat.

The character of this breed is very playful and loyal. These dogs are happy to be surrounded by family, and they do not like being alone.

12. Wire Hair Fox Terrier

The Fox Terrier is yet another representative of the dog breeds that shed less hair. Therefore, this dog might be suitable for people who suffer from dog allergy.

It is also a very strong, and active dog who is always ready to have fun. If you won’t keep him active, he will find his own way to get rid of that extra energy (ways you may not like). So, it is advisable this dog gets a lot of exercise before staying alone at home.

Other hypoallergenic dog breeds

The dog breeds indicated above are by far the most popular hypoallergenic dogs. In this section we offer a list of additional hypoallergenic dog breeds you might want to learn about:

  • Bedlington terrier
  • Bearded collie
  • Cairn Terrier
  • Coton de Tulear
  • Dandie Dinmont Terrier
  • Kerry Blue Terrier
  • Peruvian hairless dog (Peruvian Inca Orchid)
  • Puli dog
  • Sealyham terrier
  • Irish Water Spaniel
  • Welsh terrier
  • Scottish terrier
  • West Highland White Terrier

Now, you just have to choose the one you like the most. Finally, you could enjoy the company of a hypoallergenic dog without the discomfort of allergic reactions.

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Canine Science: Curious Facts about Dogs

Dogs have been man’s best friend for thousands of years. Here are some interesting science based facts about our four-legged friends that you may not have known.

As a member of the genus ‘Canis’, dogs are evolutionary ancestors of the wolf and were domesticated by humans and later bred for various purposes. Historical evidence suggests that dogs were domesticated somewhere between 20,000 and 40,000 years ago. Here is a list of the most interesting traits of dogs by category:

Facts about dog anatomy

  • Contrary to popular belief, they do not see in black and white. Dogs have two sensitive cone cells in the retina of their eyes, which means that they can see blue, yellow, and gray, and have trouble with shades from green to red.
  • According to PETA, a couple of dogs and their offspring, if not neutered, could produce 67,000 dogs within six years.
  • A dog’s sense of smell is far more sensitive than that of its human companion. There are between 220 and 300 million odor receptors in the nose of dogs.
  • Dogs are able to track weather changes by sensing differences in air pressure. If your dog is behaving strangely, you may be able to attribute it to an upcoming storm or rain shower.
  • Ramiro Joly-Mascheroni and his colleagues from the University of London found in a 2008 study that a human yawn is contagious to domestic dogs.
  • Dog urine is very acidic and contains ammonia, which can cause corrosion of metal objects.
  • A special membrane in the back of the eye, Tapetum lucidum, helps dogs see better in the dark.
  • A dog can locate the source of a sound in six hundredths of a second using its ears like a radar. Dogs have twice as many ear muscles as their human counterparts.
  • Dogs are sensitive to the earth’s magnetic field and its fluctuations. A study in the journal Frontiers in Zoology suggests that they usually excrete in a north-south direction and align with the axis.
  • Adult dogs usually have around 42 teeth and pups quickly develop 28.
  • Dog nose prints are as unique as human fingerprints and can be used to accurately identify them.

Facts about dog cognition and behavior

  • Canine Researcher Dr. Stanley Coren believes that the average dog can understand up to 165 words, while the smartest dogs can remember up to 250 words.
  • In Russia, some stray dogs have been observed taking the subway to more populous areas in search of food.
  • A study by the New York professor Alexandra Horowitz from 2009 showed that the “guilty dog” look is usually triggered by the dog being scolded by its owner.
  • If you ever notice your dog twitching or moving its paws while you sleep, you can expect it to be dreaming.
  • Dogs don’t just wag their tails when they’re happy. It can also be a sign of fear, insecurity or aggression.
  • Studies suggest that dogs can understand routines. They can be trained to anticipate future events based on past activities, such as daily evening walks or dinners.
  • If your dog is afraid of separation, try leaving some of your worn clothing behind. This can help calm you down.
  • A study by researchers from the University of California suggests that dogs may experience jealousy.
  • Dogs curl up in their sleep to warm themselves up and protect their vital organs from predators.

Working dogs

  • Laika, a mixed breed from Moscow, was the first animal to orbit the earth in November 1957, in the Sputnik 2 spacecraft.
  • The famous St. Bernard breed takes its name from a hospital on the Alpine Great St Bernard Pass in Switzerland. The sanatorium used these gentle giants to rescue the victims from the snow-capped Alps.
  • Dogs can recognize the smell of a number of organic compounds, which can often help them diagnose signs of disease. A 2011 study published in Gut magazine found that a trained Labrador Retriever correctly identified 91 percent of breath samples and 97 percent of stool samples from colon cancer patients.
  • Little Pekingese were used as watchdogs by the Chinese nobility. They were often hidden in the emperor’s sleeves as a line of defense.
  • A drug cartel put a bounty of $30,000 on US customs dogs, Rocky and Barco, because the duo was very successful in patrolling the Mexican border.
  • Contact with dogs can have a therapeutic effect on humans. Research has shown that owning a dog can improve physical and mental health.
  • Dogs can make people live happier and healthier lives. A study by the University of Melbourne suggests that they can boost the immune system and help reduce allergies in children.
  • Bloodhounds can detect smells that are older than 300 hours.

Guinness World Records Dogs

  • Zeus, a Great Dane from Michigan, USA, was named the tallest dog of all time by the Guinness World Records in 2011 (111.8 cm). He died in September 2014 at the age of five.
  • Milly, a female Chihuahua, was classified by the Guinness World Records in February 2013 as the smallest female dog in the world – 9.6 cm. It replaced a 4-inch (10 cm) chihuahua named Boo Boo, which was declared the smallest dog in 2011.
  • Cupcake is the smallest service dog according to Guinness World Records. It’s a female long-haired chihuahua, who measured 15.87 tall, on 08 September 2012.
  • A record breaking jump made by a dog is 191.7 cm. It was achieved by Feather (USA) in Frederick, Maryland, USA, on 14 September 2017.

Facts about specific dog breeds

  • The Cesky Terrier is one of the rarest dog breeds. They originally come from the Czech Republic and were bred for hunting. They are usually 33 centimeters tall.
  • According to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), the World Association of Dog Breeds, there are over 340 recognized dog breeds.
  • Chihuahua takes its name from the state in Mexico where it was discovered.
  • A Norwegian Lundehund usually has six toes on each foot instead of the normal four.
  • Dalmatians are not born with their famous black spots. Puppies have simple, white fur. The spots appear within three to four weeks after birth.
  • The Australian Shepherd, which is usually about 50 to 58 centimeters tall (males), is actually not an Australian breed, but comes from the USA.
  • According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Labrador Retriever was named America’s most popular dog breed for the 29th time in a row in 2019.
  • Greyhounds can reach speeds of over 70.8 km/h.
  • Border collies, the workaholics with good instinct, are considered by some researchers as the smartest breed.
  • Afghan hounds, on the other hand, are considered the breed with the lowest innate intelligence.
  • The Basenji dog breed is the only dog ​​in the world that doesn’t bark. The clever and strong-willed animals giggle or make a yodel sound to let owners know what they have on their minds.

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