Discoveries NASA made near the edge of the universe

Discoveries NASA hubble
Hubble's images of Icarus, Earendel and HD1.

The Hubble space telescope allows us to see deep into space, changing our understanding of astrophysics and shaping our knowledge of the universe.

In this post, we explore the most distant objects ever seen by the Hubble telescope.

Hubble Images: This is what NASA has discovered at the edge of the universe

The Butterfly Nebula is a 3800 light-year-distance galaxy. The glowing gas that was once a star’s outer layer has spread out into space, creating the wing-like shape you’re seeing now.

Pismis 24 is a star cluster 8000 light-years away, with blue stars in and around the core of the emission nebula. The stars are very hot, and their ultraviolet radiation causes the gas surrounding the star to heat and bubble around the star in remarkable clouds.

Pismis 24 is part of the diffuse nebula NGC 6357, a “cosmic nursery” with many proto-stars shrouded by dark gases.

Palomar 12 is a globular cluster of stars abducted from its home galaxy by tidal interactions with the Milky Way.

The Sombrero Galaxy is a flat, disk-like galaxy 30 million light-years away. It is notable for the blinding white core at its center and the distinct lanes of cosmic dust spiraling outwards, giving the galaxy its distinctive Sombrero Shape.

The galaxy NGC 1052-DF2 is a broad, elliptical galaxy, 65 million light-years from Earth. It is missing all of its dark matter and is possibly the first galaxy of its kind to display such an absence.

Earendel is a star in the Cetus constellation, 28 billion light-years away. It is expected to explode as a supernova in a few million years. It is suspected to be 50 to 100 times the size of our sun.

Hubble has shown us the distant galaxy HD1. The HD1 galaxy is 13.5 billion light-years away but is now 33.4 billion light-years away with the universe’s expansion taken into account.

The galaxy NGC 6770 is 33.4 billion light-years away and maybe a starburst galaxy producing stars at an unprecedented rate. It could also be home to enormous Population III stars that are far more luminous than the stars we are familiar with.

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What is the farthest star we can see

Hubble Space Telescope has exceeded all expectations. An individual star further out than any previously observed was detected by Hubble within the first billion years after the big bang.

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has detected a star (Earendel) 12.9 billion light years away. The farthest individual star ever seen to date. The star’s galaxy was magnified and distorted by gravitational lensing into a long crescent.

Astronomers studied a galaxy in detail and discovered a star that is at least 50 times the mass of our Sun and millions of times as bright as the most massive stars known.

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